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of James Webb Space Telescope A more active supermassive black hole is peering into the universe than ever recorded, yielding another surprising discovery.
The black hole is in CEERS 1019 – an extremely old galaxy formed 570 million years after the Big Bang – more than 13 billion years old. Scientists have also been puzzled by how small the central black hole of a celestial object is.
According to NASA News, “This black hole is about 9 million solar cells.” Release. A solar mass is a unit equal to the mass of the sun in our home solar system – which is 333,000 times that of Earth.
This is “much smaller than black holes in the early universe and found by other telescopes,” according to NASA. “These behemoths typically contain more than 1 billion times the mass of the Sun – and are easier to spot because they are brighter.”
The ability to bring such a faint and distant black hole into focus is a Key feature The Webb Telescope uses highly sensitive instruments to detect otherwise invisible light.
“Looking at this distant object with this telescope is like looking at data from black holes in nearby galaxies,” said Rebecca Larson, who received her doctorate this year at the University of Texas at Austin. Larson, who led the discovery, is now a postdoctoral research associate at the Rochester Institute of Technology’s School of Physics and Astronomy.
Not only did the researchers point to this amazing black hole – they also found two others that appear to have formed about 1 billion years after the Big Bang, and are lighter compared to other people around then.
Eleven new galaxies were also recorded in evidence from the Web Cosmic Evolution Early Emission Science, or CEERS, survey, also led by the University of Texas at Austin.
to the CEERS 1019 galaxy
The relative smallness of the black hole at the center of CEER 1019 is a mystery to scientists. It is not yet clear how such a small black hole formed at the beginning of the universe, which was known to give birth to a much larger one. Gravity wells.
Galaxy CEERS 1019 has other interesting features. Instead of forming a single disk like many other galaxies, it looks like a string of three bright spots.
“We’re not used to seeing so much structure in images at these distances,” CEERS team member Jeyhan Kartaltepe of the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York said in a statement. “Galaxy mergers may be partly responsible for accelerating the activity in this galaxy’s black hole, which may lead to star formation.”
According to NASA, the newly discovered galaxies are still churning out new stars. And these findings, along with other CEERS surveys, could lead to surprising discoveries.
Webb is the first to find some of these galaxies, Seiji Fujimoto, a member of the University of Texas team at UT Austin and NASA’s Hubble team that found 11 new galaxies, said in a statement. “This cluster, along with other distant galaxies we identify in the future, could revolutionize our understanding of star formation and galaxy evolution throughout cosmic history.”
Researchers also note that the black hole in CEERS 1019 may only last for a short time, the most distant supermassive black hole ever recorded.
The astronomical community is already pouring over data that could point to other, more distant black holes. According to NASA, it can do this in a few weeks.
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